Texas State Flower
The bluebonnet was adopted as the Texas State Flower in 1901. State government expanded the definition in 1971 to include all native species of the beloved wildflower. Every spring, several varieties of the hardy winter annual take center stage on the North American prairie. The bluebonnet is an indigenous species, despite the myth that early-day Catholic priests imported the seeds from Spain. Native Americans wove folktales about bluebonnets long before Europeans settled in the area. Two main species, Lupinus texensis and Lupinus subcarnosis grow naturally only in Texas–and nowhere else in the world!
Thanks to Lady Bird Johnson, Texas was the first state to plant wildflowers along its highways. For 60 years the Texas Highway Department has been keeping Texas beautiful, sowing up to 30,000 pounds of seeds each year. Generations of Texans have adopted the springtime tradition of snapping family photos in open fields and roadsides bursting with the color of bluebonnets.
Common Name: Bluebonnet
Scientific Name: Lupinus texensis
Year Adopted: 1901
Peak Bloom: May to July
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Bluebonnet photograph by faungg’s photos. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivs 2.0 Generic License.
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