Vermont State Flower
Red clover was adopted as the Vermont State Flower in 1894. Vermonters were inspired by the previous year’s World’s Fair in Chicago, which featured a “National Garland of Flowers.” Several flowers were considered for the honor, including the buttercup, daisy, and mayflower. Vermont farmers campaigned mightily for red clover, a common sight on cultivated hay fields and dairy farmlands throughout the state. The perennial herb is a member of the legume family and a favorite with cattle and other grazing animals.
Vermont’s state flower isn’t just beautiful–it’s a workhorse. Red clover is an excellent soil conditioner and an important source of nitrogen. The plant’s extensive root systems break up heavy topsoil and suppress weeds. Bees and other beneficial insects love red clover! Anyone driving through the “Green Mountain State” is bound to encounter red clover along the state’s roadsides, valleys, mountains, and lakes.
Red Clover Facts
Common Name: Red Clover
Scientific Name: Trifolium pratense
Year Adopted: 1911
Peak Bloom: May to June
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Red Clover photograph by SirPoh
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The Yellowhammer State
Alabama State Flag
There have been two official flags in Alabama state history. The current flag was adopted by Act 383 of the state legislature on February 16, 1895. The Alabama state flag is distinguished by a crimson cross of St. Andrew over a white background. The “X” pattern of two diagonally crossed bars is called a “saltire.”
Another version of the state flag was created to represent the governor of Alabama. This flag features the state coat of arms in the upper section and the state military crest in the lower section (see coloring page, below).
Alabama State Motto
We Dare Maintain Our Rights
Audemus Jura Nostra Defendere (Latin)
Fun Facts: In 1923 a bill was introduced to create a state coat of arms. The phrase “we dare maintain our rights” was suggested by Marie Bankhead Owen of the Alabama Department of Archives and History. Her inspiration came from a poem written by Sir William Jones, a great scholar and jurist during the 18th century. The phrase that appears on the state seal was translated into Latin by University of Alabama Professor W. B. Saffold.
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Sir William Jones – Encyclopedia.com
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