Category: State Flowers

Wyoming State Flower

Indian Paintbrush

Wyoming State Flower

Wyoming State Flower

The Indian paintbrush was designated the Wyoming State Flower in 1917. Not everyone agreed with the choice. University of Wyoming’s Dr. Aven Nelson made his objections known in the Wyoming School Journal of 1917. A highly respected botanist, Dr. Nelson argued that the plant wasn’t common in the state, that it was parasitic, and that there were so many varietals only an expert could tell them apart. Dr. Nelson favored a state flower such as columbine, which was common in Wyoming and easy to grow in home gardens. He also suggested the fringed gentian, an unofficial state flower chosen by school children in the early 1900s.

The Wyoming Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution campaigned for the Indian paintbrush. Their cause was greatly aided by Dr. Grace Raymond Hebard, an accomplished educator at the University of Wyoming, and the state’s first female attorney. Dr. Hebard drafted legislation, secured a sponsor, and commissioned a New York artist to paint a picture of the Indian paintbrush for legislators. Thanks to the commitment of these women, the Indian paintbrush was chosen as the official floral emblem of the “Equality State.” Dr. Hebard presented the painting to the state after the legislation was approved.

Indian Paint Brush Facts

Name: Indian Paint Brush
Botanical Name: Castilleja linariaefolia
Colors: Red
Blooms: April through June
Fun Facts: The most interesting point about Indian Paintbrush is that the top of the flowers look as though they’ve been dipped in bright red paint, hence the name Indian Paintbrush. They are parasitic plants, growing off other plants. The “painted cups” of the Indian Paintbrush aren’t true flowers, but amazingly colored flowerlike bracts.

Wyoming State Flower Coloring Pages

Wyoming State Flower Coloring Page

Indian Paintbrush Coloring Page to Print or Color Online

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Indian Paintbrush facts by State Flowers of the USA Coloring Book

Indian Paintbrush photograph by John Fowler. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic License.

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Adoption of the Wyoming State Flower

Wyoming State Flower

State Flower Coloring Pages

Wyoming State Flower

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Wisconsin State Flower

Wood Violet

Wisconsin State Flower

Wisconsin State Flower

The wood violet was officially designated the Wisconsin State Flower in 1949, following the state’s Centennial celebration. “Badger State” residents have recognized the violet as a floral emblem since 1909. Wisconsin school children voted unanimously for the delicate bloom on Arbor Day, at the request of their Superintendent. Contenders for the honor included the wild rose, trailing arbutus (mayflower) and white water lily. In the end, the children felt the common wood violet best represented the scenic beauty of their state. Wisconsin’s wet climate and woodland environs are just right for the native wildflower, which thrives in moist and slightly shaded conditions.

Did you know the violet is the most popular state flower? Illinois, New Jersey, and Rhode Island are also represented by the low-growing-perennial. Wisconsin residents admired their state flower long before it was officially adopted. Images of the common wood violet appeared on a state stamp in 1848.

Wood Violet Facts

Name: Wood Violet
Botanical Name: Viola sororia
Colors: White, Blue or Purple
Blooms: March to June
Fun Facts: There are more than 400 species of Violets and 4 US States list the Violet as their State Flower. They are a potent source of Vitamin C. When smelling a violet, one whiff is all you get. Its scent contains ionone, a chemical that temporarily desensitizes the nose. Violets have uses in Herbal remedies and the Romans made wine from Violets. The real Violet flowers are large, but after their blooms die, smaller ones spring up closer to the ground.

Wisconsin State Flower Coloring Pages

Wisconsin State Flower Coloring Page

Wood Violet Coloring Page to Print or Color Online

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Wood Violet facts by State Flowers of the USA Coloring Book

Wood Violet photograph by Joshua Mayer. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic License.

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20 State Symbols of Wisconsin and the Stories Behind Them

Wisconsin State Flower

State Flower Coloring Pages

Wisconsin State Flower

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West Virginia State Flower

Rhododendron

West Virginia State Flower

West Virginia State Flower

The rhododendron was designated the official West Virginia State Flower in 1903. The fragrant shrub received high praises from Governor George Atkinson who exclaimed “I know none more beautiful and none more common in West Virginia, than the Rhododendron.” An overwhelming majority of “Mountain State” school children agreed. When asked to vote for their favorite state floral emblem, the rhododendron won the day.

Rhododendron maximum is the tallest and hardiest of the evergreen rhododendrons. The spring-blooming perennial flourishes on ravines, hillsides, and under the canopy of hemlock and maple trees. It is known by many names including great laurel, great rhododendron, rosebay, and rosebay rhododendron.

Rhododendron Facts

Name: Rhododendron
Botanical Name: Rhododendron maximum
Colors: Light to Dark Purple
Blooms: May or June
Fun Facts: The shrub usually grows up to 15 feet but can actually grow up to 40 feet high and be pruned to look like a tree. They attract Butterflies and Hummingbirds. They are native to Asia and North America both.

West Virginia State Flower Coloring Pages

West Virginia State Flower Coloring Page

Rhododendron Coloring Page to Print or Color Online

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Rhododendron facts by State Flowers of the USA Coloring Book

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West Virginia State Flower

State Flower Coloring Pages

West Virginia State Flower

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Washington State Flower

Coast Rhododendron

Washington State Flower

Washington State Flower

The coast rhododendron was officially designated the Washington State Flower in 1959. Washington ladies selected the bloom in 1892 for inclusion in the Chicago World’s Fair “National Garland of Flowers.” The flowering evergreen shrub is native to western North America, and is also called Pacific rhododendron and big leaf rhododendron. As you may guess from its names, the coast rhododendron is found primarily near the Pacific coast. Its range extends from northern British Columbia all the way down to Monterey, California.

The coast rhododendron is particularly beautiful in its native habitat. Northwest residents tend to choose “rhodies” with showier flowers that are easier to grow when landscaping their own gardens. Generations of hikers and other outdoor enthusiasts have enjoyed the natural beauty of the “Evergreen State” floral emblem. Despite its beauty, rhododendron leaves and flowers are toxic to humans and animals. The sprawling shrubs are highly beneficial however, as they provide year-round shelter for wildlife.

Rhododendron Facts

Name: Rhododendron
Botanical Name: Rhododendron macrophyllum
Colors: Light to Dark Purple
Blooms: May or June
Fun Facts: There are many types of Rhododendron, and the Washington Rhododendron is the Coastal Rhododendron. The shrub is actually called the King of Shrubs. On some of the flowers the colors White and light Purple and dark Purple coexist on the same flower. They are native to Asia, and North America both.

Washington State Flower Coloring Pages

Washington State Flower Coloring Page

Coast Rhododendron Coloring Page to Print or Color Online

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Coast Rhododendron facts by State Flowers of the USA Coloring Book

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Nature on Trail: Pacific Rhododendron

Washington State Flower

State Flower Coloring Pages

Washington State Flower

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Virginia State Flower

American Dogwood

Virginia State Flower

Virginia State Flower

American dogwood was designated the Virginia State Flower in 1918. The selection was influenced by the Commonwealth’s association with one of America’s most noted founding fathers and presidents. Thomas Jefferson loved trees and grew more than 160 species on the grounds of his Virginia estate, Monticello. He maintained detailed records of his gardens and referenced the dogwood tree as far back as 1771.

In the late 1780s while serving as Minister to France, Thomas Jefferson presented the seeds of North American trees to his associates in Europe. He made several shipments of dogwood seeds to a friend in Paris, Madame de Tessé. His enthusiasm for trees lasted a lifetime. Shortly before his death at the age of eighty-three, Thomas Jefferson designed an arboretum for the University of Virginia.

Flowering dogwood is one of the most popular trees for ornamental planting in the United States. Dogwood trees are also extremely valuable for wildlife, which ingest the seeds, fruit, flowers, twigs, bark, and leaves of the plant. The fruits are especially popular with birds. They’re also a high-fat food source for mammals, including bears, beavers, deer, chipmunks, foxes, rabbits, skunks, and squirrels.

American Dogwood Facts

Name: American Dogwood
Botanical Name: Cornus florida
Colors: White or Pink mostly, also can be Red
Blooms: March through June
Fun Facts: The Dogwood tree that the flowers are on has very distinctive bark and furniture makers love the wood for furniture. In the Autumn the leaves turn Red and Orange creating another beautiful display. In the Spring when the flowers bloom they not only perfume the air, but they look like butterflies hovering on the branches.

Virginia State Flower Coloring Pages

Virginia State Flower Coloring Page

Flowering Dogwood Coloring Page to Print or Color Online

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American Dogwood facts by State Flowers of the USA Coloring Book

American Dogwood photograph by JamesDeMers. This work is free for commercial use, no attribution required.

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The Trees of Monticello

Virginia State Flower

State Flower Coloring Pages

Virginia State Flower

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Vermont State Flower

Red Clover

Vermont State Flower

Vermont State Flower

Red clover was adopted as the Vermont State Flower in 1894. Vermonters were inspired by the previous year’s World’s Fair in Chicago, which featured a “National Garland of Flowers.” Several flowers were considered for the honor, including the buttercup, daisy, and mayflower. Vermont farmers campaigned mightily for red clover, a common sight on cultivated hay fields and dairy farmlands throughout the state. The perennial herb is a member of the legume family and a favorite with cattle and other grazing animals.

Vermont’s state flower isn’t just beautiful–it’s a workhorse. Red clover is an excellent soil conditioner and an important source of nitrogen. The plant’s extensive root systems break up heavy topsoil and suppress weeds. Bees and other beneficial insects love red clover! Anyone driving through the “Green Mountain State” is bound to encounter red clover along the state’s roadsides, valleys, mountains, and lakes.

Red Clover Facts

Name: Red Clover
Botanical Name: Trifolium pratense
Colors: Dark Red to Purple
Blooms: April and May
Fun Facts: Red Clover was brought to the New World by the European settlers. It needs moisture, so loves the climate of Vermont and grows all over it, carpeting the fields in the Spring. It is used as medicine by Herbalists for many different illnesses.

Vermont State Flower Coloring Pages

Vermont State Flower Coloring Page

Red Clover Coloring Page to Print or Color Online

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Red Clover facts by State Flowers of the USA Coloring Book

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Sustainable Agriculture Research & Education: Red Clover

Vermont State Flower

State Flower Coloring Pages

Vermont State Flower

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Utah State Flower

Sego Lily

Utah State Flower

Utah State Flower

The sego lily was adopted as the Utah State Flower in 1911. The bulbous perennial was chosen for its natural beauty as well as its historical significance. Native Americans considered the sego lily a sacred plant and developed culinary uses for its bulbs, seeds, and flowers. Many tribes created a healthful porridge from roasted or boiled sego lily bulbs, which are similar in shape to a radish. Brigham Young, who led Mormon pioneers to the western United States, declared the sego lily “a heaven sent source of food.” Friendly Native Americans taught Mormon settlers how to harvest and prepare the bulbs for much needed survival food when a devastating cricket infestation destroyed crops.

The sego lily once saved lives, and now it helps teach Utah residents to save water. Sego Lily Gardens is an educational center in Sandy, a suburb of Salt Lake City. The gardens are open to the public and benefit from the support of local volunteers, including boy scouts, girl scouts, and church members. Visitors learn ways to conserve water while creating beautiful and water-wise landscapes.

Sego Lily Facts

Name: Sego Lily
Botanical Name: Calochortus nuttalli
Colors: White or Lavender, with Yellow stamens
Blooms: May to July
Fun Facts: Unlike many other Lilies the Sego Lily is edible. In fact during the period covering 1840-1850 there was a famine in Utah, and many families relied on the bulb of the Sego Lily for food.

Utah State Flower Coloring Pages

Utah State Flower Coloring Page

Sego Lily Coloring Page to Print or Color Online

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Sego Lily facts by State Flowers of the USA Coloring Book

Sego Lily photograph by USFWS Mountain-Prairie. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic License.

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Life-Saving Lily: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints

Utah State Flower

State Flower Coloring Pages

Vermont State Flower

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Texas State Flower

Bluebonnet

Texas State Flower

Texas State Flower

The bluebonnet was adopted as the Texas State Flower in 1901. State government expanded the definition in 1971 to include all native species of the beloved wildflower. Every spring, several varieties of the hardy winter annual take center stage on the North American prairie. The bluebonnet is an indigenous species, despite the myth that early-day Catholic priests imported the seeds from Spain. Native Americans wove folktales about bluebonnets long before Europeans settled in the area. Two main species, Lupinus texensis and Lupinus subcarnosis grow naturally only in Texas–and nowhere else in the world!

Thanks to Lady Bird Johnson, Texas was the first state to plant wildflowers along its highways. For 60 years the Texas Highway Department has been keeping Texas beautiful, sowing up to 30,000 pounds of seeds each year. Generations of Texans have adopted the springtime tradition of snapping family photos in open fields and roadsides bursting with the color of bluebonnets.

Bluebonnet Facts

Name: Bluebonnet
Botanical Name: Lupinus texensis
Colors: Blue with White Tips
Blooms: April to late May
Fun Facts: Bluebonnets are part of the Lupine family but it is a particular Lupine that grows mostly only in Texas. They carpet the fields in Texas in Spring and most Texans drive to the country to see them in the Spring. It’s an annual pilgrimage.

Texas State Flower Coloring Pages

Texas State Flower Coloring Page

Bluebonnet Coloring Page to Print or Color Online

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Bluebonnet facts by State Flowers of the USA Coloring Book

Bluebonnet photograph by faungg’s photos. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivs 2.0 Generic License.

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Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center

Texas State Flower

State Flower Coloring Pages

Texas State Flower

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Tennessee State Flower

Iris

Tennessee State Flower

Tennessee State Flower

The iris was recognized as the Tennessee State Flower in 1933. The purple iris is generally accepted as the floral emblem of the “Volunteer State,” though the legislature didn’t specify a particular color or species in its official naming. There was just one problem. In 1919 a five-member state commission entrusted school children to vote for an appropriate state flower. Their choice — the purple passion flower.

When garden clubs pressured the legislature to designate the iris in 1933, passion flower fans were quite unhappy. For forty years Tennessee was represented by two state flowers. In 1973 the General Assembly resolved the situation by honoring both flowers. The passion flower was named the state wildflower and the iris became the state cultivated flower.

In 2012 a second state wildflower was designated. The fuschia-colored Tennessee coneflower was once a federally listed endangered plant species. Thanks to committed conservancy efforts, the herbaceous perennial was literally brought back from the brink of extinction.

Iris Facts

Name: Iris
Botanical Name: Iris germinica
Colors: Purple for the State Flower, but it comes in White, Yellow, Blue, Red, and Pink
Blooms: March to June
Fun Facts: The name Iris comes from Greek for rainbow, a reference to the many colors that irises grow in. They have a lovely scent. Most Irises in Tennessee are shades of Purple. They look like orchids, but they are a separate species.

Tennessee State Flower Coloring Pages

Tennessee State Flower Coloring Page

Iris Coloring Page to Print or Color Online

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Iris facts by State Flowers of the USA Coloring Book

Iris photograph by pixel2013. This work is free for commercial use, no attribution required.

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Tennessee Coneflower: No Longer Endangered

Tennessee State Flower

State Flower Coloring Pages

Tennessee State Flower

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South Dakota State Flower

Pasque Flower

South Dakota State Flower

South Dakota State Flower

The pasque flower was designated the official South Dakota State Flower in 1903. The hairy perennial grows wild throughout the state and is known by many names, including pasqueflower, Easter flower, May Day flower, prairie crocus, wind flower, and meadow anemone. The pasque flower was the subject of Native American songs and legends — centuries before Europeans settled in the area. In fact, the pasque flower was regarded as one of four sacred plants in the Rocky Mountain region. Though the fresh plant is highly toxic, many tribes found diluted forms beneficial for the treatment of digestive and respiratory disorders.

The lovely lavender bloom is one of the first flowers to appear in the spring, often before the winter snows begin to thaw. Honeybees rely on the pasque flower for early season nectar.

Pasque Flower Facts

Name: Pasque Flower
Botanical Name: Pulsatilla hirsutissima.
Colors: Lavender or Purple, sometimes White
Blooms: April, around Easter
Fun Facts: According to English legend, the Pasque Flower springs from the blood of Vikings. It blooms in the Spring, around Easter time, which is where it got its name.

South Dakota State Flower Coloring Pages

South Dakota State Flower Coloring Page

Pasque Flower Coloring Page to Print or Color Online

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Pasque Flower facts by State Flowers of the USA Coloring Book

Pasque Flower photograph by LoggaWiggler. This work is free for commercial use, no attribution required.

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Herbal Encyclopedia: Pasque Flower

South Dakota State Flower

State Flower Coloring Pages

South Dakota State Flower

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